From the original guide
The first to come were explorers by sea, venturing uneasily northward along the shores in pygmy galleons on the lookout for fabled El Dorado, a vaguely imagined treasure trove of gold and spices somewhere near the Indies. Finding no riches, they returned disappointed. But the legend of El Dorado lingered, even when men driving their cattle in the dusty march from the south searched in vain for hidden wealth.
California FACTS

Date of Statehood: September 9, 1850
State Capital: Sacramento
Population: At 38 million, it is the most populous state
Motto: Eureka
State Flag: features a Grizzly Bear and a star