From the original guide
Since the North American continent rose out of primordial seas, the land area has undergone a rhythmic cycle of rise and fall, of elevation about and submergence beneath prehistoric waters, as land formations were eroded away in one place and deposited as sediments in another. The oldest rocks occupy much of the northern lobe of New York State.

NYGuide

New York FACTS

Date of Statehood: July 26, 1788
State Capital: Albany
Major Industries: finance, communications, publishing, fashion
Motto: Excelsior (Ever Upwards)
State Fruit: Apple

Bordering States

Connecticut
Rhode Island